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关于小升初英语专项复习:there be句型

时间:2019-03-24 英语 我要投稿

  一.there/here be结构

  there be结构表示“某时、某地存在着什么事物或人”,包括there is、there are、there was、there were。

  here be结构与它类似,用法也完全相同,只不过是表示“这里存在着什么事物或人”。

  二.和have、has、had的区别:

  (1)There be 句型表示:在某地有某物(或人);而have、has、had表示:某人拥有某物。

  (2)在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is;主语是复数,be 动词用are;如有几件物品,be 动词根据最近be 动词的那个名词决定即“就近原则”。

  (3)there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not,一般疑问句把be 动词调到句首。

  (4)there be句型与have(has) 的区别:there be 表示在某地有某物(或人);have(has) 表示某人拥有某物。

  (5)some和any在there be 句型中的运用:some 用于肯定句,any 用于否定句或疑问句。

  (6)and 和or 在there be句型中的运用:and 用于肯定句,or 用于否定句或疑问句。

  (7)针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:

  How many + 名词复数+ are there + 介词短语?

  How much + 不可数名词+ is there + 介词短语?

  (8)针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是: What’s + 介词短语?

  (9)There be结构一般用在句子的开头,而have等词只能用于某一个主语后面。练一练:

  1、用恰当的be动词填空。

  1) There ______ four seasons in a year.

  2) There ______not any trees two years ago.

  3) --- ______there a post office near your school? ---Yes, there ______.

  4) ---How many stops ______there? ---There______only one.

  5) There ______not any stamps on the envelope.

  6) ______ there any birds in the tree?

  7) There______ a shopping center near our school last year. But now there______ no one.

  8) There ______only three of us: my dad, my mum and me.

  9) Here ______some bread for you.

  10) In New York, there ______ a lot of rain in spring.

  2、选用“have, has, had, there is, there are, there was, there were”填空。

  1) I ______a good father and a good mother.

  2) ______ a telescope on the desk.

  3) He ______a tape-recorder.

  4) ______a basketball in the playground.

  5) They ______ a nice garden.

  6) My father ______ a story-book last year.

  7) ______a reading-room in the building?

  8) What does Mike ______?

  9) ______any books in the bookcase?

  10) How many students ______in the classroom?

  11) ______a story-book on the table a moment ago.

  12) What do you ______?

  13) My parents ______ some nice pictures.

  14) ______ some maps on the wall.

  15) ______ a map of the world on the wall.

  16) David’s friends ______ some tents.

  17) __________ many children on the hill.

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